St. Anne's: Grape & Vine, enkolpion.
2007 marks the 100th Anniversary of the construction of St. Anne's
Anglican Church, Toronto.
Built in the Byzantine Greek-cross plan, and now a Canadian National
Historic Site, it contains the
only religious paintings by members of the Group of Seven.
Some of the paintings at St. Anne's can be found to have references
to early Byzantine Christianity.
The Grape and Vine motif, for example, which figures so dominantly
above the chancel, is a motif
with a historical reference.
It can be found in mosaic form decorating the mausoleum of Emperor
daughter, Constantia. And while precious few of the original decorations
survived the Islamic invasion,
some remnants can still be found, including vine mosaics, in Hagia
The Vine and Grape motif makes obvious reference to the Eucharist
Symbolically, Christ also termed himslef the true vine"(John
15:1), his followers its fruitful branches
and likened the kingdon of heaven to a vineyard.
A letter "H" has been inscribed into the veins of the
leaf of the St. Anne's Grape & Vine
enkolpion. In the acrophonic Greek Attic numeral system (the earliest system
of Greek numerals, upon which the Roman numerals were developed),
the "H" represents 100, thus St. Anne's Centenary Anniversary is subtlely
integrated into the design of the enkolpion.